Eu Turkey 18 March Agreement

From now on, Turkey must ask itself a question about the deal, Nas says: “What will be the future of the Syrians?” From 2016, the agreement reduced the number of refugees entering Europe illegally through the Aegean Sea. Even though the numbers were much lower than in 2015, when the crisis began, Gerald Knaus, the instigator of the refugee pact and president of the European Stability Initiative (ESI), believes the deal is under threat. According to Knaus, nearly 9,000 people arrived in Europe via the Aegean Sea in the first half of 2017, compared to 20,000 in the second half of the year. But according to the European Commission, the number of refugees arriving in Greece via Turkey has decreased by 97% compared to the period before the agreement. 8. TRT World, “Turkey suspends readmission agreements with Greece-Cavusoglu”, www.trtworld.com/turkey/turkey-suspends-readmission-deal-with-greece-cavusoglu-18063 (access: 18. March 2019) The EU-Turkey refugee agreement has been in force for two years. It was signed on 18 March 2016 to solve one of Europe`s most pressing problems: the massive influx of refugees. 16.

Steve Peers, The Final EU/Turkey Refugee Deal: A Legal Assessment, eulawanalysis.blogspot.com/2016/03/the-final-euturkey-refugee-deal-legal.html; ECRE, Debunking the Safe Third Country Myth, www.ecre.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Policy-Note-08.pdf (accessed: 17 March 2019) The Council is composed of representatives of the Turkish Government, the European Council and the European Commission. It plays an important role in the organisation and direction of relations between Turkey and the EU. The aim is to implement the Association Agreement in political, economic and economic matters. The Association Council meets twice a year at ministerial level. The Council shall take its decisions unanimously. Turkey and the EU each have one vote. At the end of 2017, the EU-Turkey agreement had made it possible to limit irregular migration to Europe via Turkey. However, many doubts remain about the implementation of the Convention, including how the Convention might violate the protection of human rights as defined by the 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. Critics have argued that the deal is essentially a deterrent strategy to encourage irregular migrants to file their asylum claims in Turkey instead of facing arrest and return to Ankara, which ultimately prolongs their application process. On 18 March 2016, the EU concluded a migration agreement with Turkey to deter refugees from entering the EU. As part of this agreement, Turkey has agreed to take back migrants entering Greece and send legal refugees to the EU. In exchange, the EU agreed to give Turkey six billion euros and allow Turkish citizens to travel visa-free by the end of June 2016, if Turkey meets 72 conditions.

[69] In March 2016, the EU assessed that Turkey then met 35 of the 72 conditions required to obtain visa freedom across Europe. [70] By May 2016, this figure had risen to 65 out of 72. [71] Turkey`s Association Agreement with the EU serves as a basis for the implementation of the accession process. . . .