Legal studies: Legal equivalency studies to provide information on the process of harmonizing compassion legislation for Zambesi countries, in accordance with the ZAMCOM agreement, have been completed and are awaiting final approval. A collection of water policies and instruments in the Member States has been established. Gaps analyses, including a comparative evaluation of the ZAMCOM agreement, were conducted to assess the degree of equivalence and identify possible conflict zones. The final results have been finalized and include assessments of the equivalence of national water legislation between states along the Zambezi River Basin, a comparative assessment and analysis of deficiencies, and an option document outlining key options and ways to improve the harmonization and equivalence of the national regulatory framework for water resources in the watershed. The results have been formally approved by the technical committee of the zAMCOM Member States and the next step is to implement them, which requires more investment. These studies will illustrate the form and nature of future institutional structures related to infrastructure development across the basin and in the CDIC region. The Zambesi River Basin (ZRB) is home to 40 million people and is an important water resource for its eight riparian countries. In addition, the river is an important source of hydroelectric power for the region. Population growth, climate change and economic activity are putting pressure on water resources and competing for a limited resource. The Zambesi Watercourse Commission (ZAMCOM) was established to ensure fair, equitable and sustainable use of the ZRB`s water resources and to reduce the risk of conflict.
It has recently been tasked with harmonizing policies, legislation and agreements between the eight riparian countries, as well as developing a strategic plan for the basin. ENSAfrica and OneWorld have been commissioned by ZAMCOM to lead this harmonization project, the first of its kind on the African continent, which sets an important precedent for river basins in developing regions around the world. Based on extensive literature and years of experience in managing the region`s political economy, OneWorld has identified the most pressing dimensions of water security in the region (appropriate access to water resources; planned development; benefit distribution; regional integration; Climate change planning and dispute resolution).